Count nouns

LanguageUndefined

Count nouns have two forms: singular and plural.

Singular count nouns refer to one person or thing:

a teachera booka wishan idea

Plural count nouns refer to more than one person or thing:

teachersbookswishesideas

Singular count nouns

Singular count nouns cannot be used alone. They must have a determiner:

the English teacherthat booka wishmy latest idea

Singular count nouns 1Singular count nouns 2

Plural count nouns

We usually add –s to make a plural noun:

book>books
school>schools
friend>friends

We add –es to nouns ending in –s, –ch, –sh, –ss, –x and –o:  

class>classes
watch>watches
gas>gases
wish>wishes
box>boxes
potato>potatoes

When a noun ends in a consonant and –y, we make the plural with –ies:

lady>ladies
country>countries
party>parties

If a noun ends in a vowel and –y, we simply add –s:

boy>boys
day>days
play>plays

Some common nouns have irregular plurals:

man>men
woman>women
child>children
person>people
foot>feet

Plural count nouns 1Plural count nouns 2


Plural count nouns do not have a general determiner when they refer to people or things in general:

Computers are very expensive.
Do you sell old books?

But they may have a specific determiner:

Those computers are very expensive.
The books in that shop are very expensive. 
Her sisters live there.

or a quantifier:

some new booksa few teacherslots of good ideas

or a numeral:

two new booksthree wishes

Plural count nouns 3Plural count nouns 4Plural count nouns 5

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